General features of advanced age

  • Reduction of the body size (decrease of spinal disc height, increasing curvature of the spinal column, shrinking of the collodiaphyseal angle of the femur)
  • Limitation of the mobility of the spinal column (decrease in elasticity of the tendons)
  • Atrophy of the active and passive loco-motor system, and thus the support function; increase in the connective and fatty tissue (increased risk of falls, limitation of the ability to cope with everyday life).
  • Changes in the skin and hair
  • Continuous worsening of the ability of the sense organs to function (aging of the nervous system)
  • Increasing risk of internal diseases / so-called age-related illnesses (high blood pressure, lipometabolic disorders, diabetes, etc.)
  • Co-morbidities
  • Psychological changes (depression, anxiety, etc.)
  • Decreased ability to adapt
    (c.f. Weineck, Sportbiologie (Sport Biology), 2000)